The use of a child safety seat is the best protection you can give your child when when traveling by car. In the United States there are restrictions, according to each state, to carry a child in the car and with good reason – unintentional injuries are the leading cause of death in children and most of these injuries are accidents automobile.
Car seats can substantially reduce the risk of potentially fatal injury, especially for infants and in children. Many car seats are used incorrectly, that is why to choose any car seat, we should follow some general guidelines that will help to ensure the safety of the child. The best car seat is not always the most expensive – is the one that best suits your child’s weight, size and age, as well as your vehicle.
Once you select a seat, be sure to try it, bearing in mind that what you see in storefronts and illustrations may not show correct use.
Guidelines for choosing car seats, here are some points you should consider:
- Note that the seat has the label that indicates compliance with the lieamientos of Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 213 and remove to know the make and model data.
- Record the date that you started it to use.
- Never use a seat for children over 6 years old.
- Do not use seats that have already been in an accident (even if it looks good, could be structurally defective).
- Avoid seats that are missing parts, that do not have label manufacturing date and model number or do not come with an instruction manual.
- Take a seat used with caution.
- If you have any questions about the history of a seat, if you have signs of being cracked or shows wear, DO NOT USE IT.
- If you accept a seat used and do not know how long you have to use, you can contact the manufacturer for recommendations on how long you can safely use the seat and if you have made significant changes to that model.
USE OF NEWBORN BABY SEATS
Note that there will have to buy another seat as your baby grows, baby seats are only designed to protect babies from birth until they reach up to 35 pounds (16 kilos), depending on model.
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that infants and toddlers ride in a rear-facing seat until they are 2 years old or until they reach the maximum weight and height recommended by the manufacturer, in this way is protects the baby’s head, neck and torso.
Many parents change the position of the seat to the front when the child reaches a weight of 20 pounds (9 kilograms) or 12 months old. However, recent studies show that a child under 2 years is 75% less likely to die or incur a serious injury when in a rear-facing seat. That is because at this age, a child’s neck usually is not strong enough to support the weight of the head in case of an accident.
So it is essential to follow the guidelines of height and weight in the child safety seat and keep your child in a car seat facing the rear as long as possible, and the seat still has.
For infants is recommended to use safety seats that are designed to function as carriers, rocking chairs or when not in use in the car. Many models emerge from the base, allowing you to leave the base installed in the car.
Try to limit the amount of time that the baby in the car seat while you’re at home or while the baby is in the nursery. Too much time in a car seat may limit movement and opportunities for baby stimulation, which are important for the development of sensory and motor skills.